2. The US poverty rate is reported by the US Census Bureau. They take information from these major household surveys and programs: Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS), American Community Survey (ACS), Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Census 2000 long form, and the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. The US poverty rate is calculated annually.
3. In 2009, the official US poverty rate was 14.3%. This is 1.1% increase from 2008 (13.2%).